4 Mind-Blowing Fields Of Science You May Not Have Heard Of

Science is always exciting.

It teaches the world new things, saves lives and can be used to explain just about anything in the world.

There are so many fields, and most people are not aware of all of them.

Four science fields, in particular, are especially interesting.

Learning more about these gives you greater knowledge about science and its capabilities.


Lepidopterology is a subfield within entomology. While entomology studies an array of insects, lepidopterology focuses on studying the three butterfly super-families and moths.

Those in this field will spend a lot of their time in a laboratory studying moths and butterflies.

They will use a microscope to examine the anatomy of these insects. This information allows these scientists to determine the differences and similarities between the various butterfly species.

Those in this field will also go out into the field to monitor and follow butterflies.

The purpose of this is to help understand and predict their behavior. This allows scientists to learn about how these insects find food, how they communicate and about the different patterns that they fly in.

All butterflies and moths have a role to play in their respective ecosystem.

With all of the information obtained by lepidopterology scientists, they can show the world the importance of these insects and precisely what they do for the planet.

Related: Encyclopedia | Lepidopterology


Metrology uses precision measurement equipment, and it is the scientific study of measurement.

This field embraces both theoretical and experimental determinations at all levels of uncertainty in all areas of technology and science.

There are three primary types of metrology to know about:

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Scientific metrology: This type deals with the development and organization of measurement standards. Those in this field of metrology will also deal with maintaining measurement standards. This type of metrology involves frequent and intense research to aid numerous industries, such as healthcare, commercial products, and the government.

Industrial metrology: This type of metrology is focused on making sure that the instruments used in a multitude of industries are always functioning correctly. For example, this metrology type might design and test aircraft.

Legal metrology: This metrology type is focused on measurements that influence economic transactions. It is a very refined form of this science. It focuses on selling and buying materials that will be used in economic studies. It does not use physical tools. Law enforcement also may take advantage of this particular field.

Related: Eleymet Precision Measurement Equipment | An Introduction to Metrology


Gemology is a science that focuses on artificial and natural gemstone materials.

It is a branch of mineralogy, and it is classified as a geoscience. Those in this field can identify the various gemstones and provide detailed information regarding the stone’s characteristics.

Gemstones are categorized based on several characteristics, such as their specific gravity, crystal structure, and refractive index.

Other categorization methods include pleochroism and other optical properties. Using the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, gemologists can assess the gemstone’s physical properties. This scale is non-linear.

There are numerous tools and types of equipment that gemologists use to evaluate a gemstone, including:

  • Microscope
  • Polariscope, including optic figure sphere
  • Spectroscope (there are desktop and handheld options)
  • Tweezers
  • Correct 10X Loupe
  • Refractometer, including a magnifying eyepiece, polarizing filter and contact liquid for refractive index
  • Dichroscope
  • Penlight
  • Stone cloth
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Gemologists may also use other tools, such as immersion cells, a color filter and an ultraviolet light to assess gemstones.

Related: IGS | An Introduction To Gemology


Rheology is a field that explores the flow phenomena of matter. This includes liquids, gases, and solids.

However, liquids are the most frequently studied.

It involves looking at the time-dependent behavior of matter under the influence of various types of stresses.

Rheology is a branch of physics.

By combining fluid mechanics and elasticity, scientists can explore the viscous, plastic and elastic behavior.

One of the most significant tasks scientists in this field undertake is to empirically determine the relationships that exist between stresses and deformations.

This is done via adequate measurements. However, before using the empirical data, scientists must first establish the necessary theoretical developments.

Rheology is essential for an array of industries. For example, studying a liquid’s flow properties allows pharmacists to accurately manufacture several dosage options for ointments, pastes, liquids, and creams.

Other industries this science is used in include:

  • Materials science engineering
  • Physiology
  • Geophysics
  • Physiology

With this new knowledge of other scientific fields, you can see how genuinely expansive science is.

These are just the tip of the iceberg regarding the different areas in science. There are dozens of scientific fields that provide the world with important information and discoveries.

Related: Science Direct | Rheology – an overview

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